【2022年辽宁省阜新市中考英语试卷】-第1页 试卷格式:2022年辽宁省阜新市中考英语试卷.PDF
1.Tommy takes a lot of exercise every day and he is always full of ________.
  • A. knowledge
  • B. energy
  • C. change
  • D. trouble
2.In the following words, which underlined letter of the word has a different sound from the others?
  • A. cold
  • B. rose
  • C. boss
  • D. kilo
3.Most people don't like eating lemons because they taste ________.
  • A. lovely
  • B. sweet
  • C. delicious
  • D. sour
4.My brother is very friendly. ______ gets along well with others.
  • A. He
  • B. She
  • C. I
  • D. You
5.Jenny is going to buy a pair of glasses because she can ________ see things clearly these days.
  • A. already
  • B. hardly
  • C. well
  • D. almost
6.Kevin often helps his mum do some gardening ________ Saturdays.
  • A. at
  • B. to
  • C. on
  • D. in
7.Lucy is busy making a fruit cake ________ it's her grandfather's birthday today.
  • A. or
  • B. but
  • C. although
  • D. because
8.—Tom, can you ________ your room? It's a bit of a mess.
—Sorry, Mum. I'll do it right now.
  • A. tidy up
  • B. put up
  • C. look up
  • D. stay up
9.China _________ nine gold medals at the Beijing 2022 Winter Olympics.
  • A. wins
  • B. is winning
  • C. won
  • D. will win
10.Chinese ________ by more and more people around the world today.
  • A. learns
  • B. is learned
  • C. was learned
  • D. learned
11.— _______ do you volunteer in the care home?
— Once a week.
  • A. How far
  • B. How many
  • C. How much
  • D. How often
12.—Look! The plants are green and the flowers are colorful.
—Yes. It's spring now. ________ nice season!
  • A. What
  • B. What a
  • C. How
  • D. How a
13.—Mom is waiting. Can we set off now?
—Just a minute. I can't find the shoes ________ I bought last week.
  • A. that
  • B. who
  • C. what
  • D. why
14.—Do you know _______?
—Sure, on April 16th, 2022.
  • A. when Shenzhou-13 returned to Earth
  • B. when Shenzhou-13 will return to Earth
  • C. when will Shenzhou-13 return to Earth
  • D. when did Shenzhou-13 return to Earth
15.—I think Jack will pass the exam this time.
—_______. He has been studying hard this year.
  • A. I don't agree
  • B. Yes, that's all right
  • C. No, he can't
  • D. I think so
16.A: Hi, Jane. Would you like to help save the environment?
B: Yes. (1)      
A: You can start by turning off the lights.
B: Yes, that's easy. Sometimes I turn on the lights without thinking. What's next?
A: Second, you can ride a bicycle. Don't take a bus if you don't have to.
B: (2)       What else?
A: Third, try to recycle paper.
B: Mm. Newspapers, magazines, mail... (3)      Good idea.
A: The fourth idea is turning off the shower when you're not using it.
B: You mean when I have shampoo in my hair?
A:Yes. Get wet. (4)       Put the shampoo in your hair and then turn on the shower and wash it out.
B: Will that help the environment?
A: Yes, we have to save water. (5)       Don't use plastic bags.
B: OK. My parents do most of the shopping, I'll tell them.

A. But what can I do?
B. We get a lot of paper at home.
C. You'd better clean your room every day.
D. Turn off the shower.
E. Can I help you?
F. And fifth, take a bag when you go shopping.
G. That will save money, too. 
17.Tony: Hi, Tony speaking.
Daming: Hi, Tony. (1)      . Do you want to see a film this evening?
Tony: Oh, it's very nice of you to (2)      . What's the film about?
Daming: It's about animals in danger, and what the government is doing to protect them.
Tony: Oh, I'd like to see it. I'm doing my homework about that. (3)      ?
Daming: It will start at eight o'clock.
Tony: So what time (4)      ?
Daming: At half past seven, outside the school gate.
Tony: OK. See you then.
Daming: (5)      .
18.This year we are training more        (careful) than usual.
19.The three astronauts of Shenzhou-14 will complete many tasks. They are our        (hero).
20.It is        (possible) to clean up the whole river in such a short time.
21.The Three Gorges Dam produces electricity for        (million) of people in China.
22.Doctors and nurses often work very hard without resting or taking care of       (they).
Teenagers should       the scientists like Sun Jiadong.
Kids had better       of doing their homework as soon as they get home from school.
27.  Learn to relax. Overwork is the main reason why so many students feel tired. (1)Cut down some of the jobs you need to do each day so that you only do the most important things well. Leave time for activities that are relaxing and fun. This might mean reading a good book, listening to the music, going for a walk or taking a relaxing bath. You will feel very good.
  Get a good night's sleep. (2)Getting enough sleep will help you keep your body and mind in the best condition. If you sleep late and need to get up early for school the next day, you can't pay attention to the things you need to do. You also feel tired.
  Exercise regularly and eat well. Don't rush through your meals. Eat less junk food or fast food. Eat healthy food instead. Fruits and vegetables are necessary.
28.  We were standing at the top of a high tower. My father had brought me to this tower in a small town not far from our home in Rome. I wondered (1)      .
  "Look down, Elsa," father said. I called up all my (2)      and looked down. I saw the square in the center of the village. And I saw many twisting (曲折的) and turning streets leading (3)      the square. "See, my dear," father said softly. "There is more than one way to the square. Life is like that. If you can't get to the place where you want to go by one road, (4)       another."
  Now I understood why I was there. Earlier that day I had asked my mother to do something about the terrible lunches that were (5)       at school. But she refused because she could not believe the lunches were as bad as I said.
  When I (6)      to father for help, he didn't say anything. Instead, he brought me to this high tower to give me a lesson. By the time we reached home, I had a plan.
  At school the next day, I secretly poured (倒出) my lunch soup into a bottle and brought it home. Then I asked our family cook to serve it to mother at dinner. The plan worked (7)      . She swallowed (咽下) one spoonful and said angrily, "The cook must have gone mad!" Quickly I told her what I had done, and mother agreed that she would deal with the (8)       of lunches at school the next day!
  In the years that followed I often remembered the lesson father taught me. I began to work as a fashion designer two years ago. I wouldn't stop working until I tried every (9)       means to my goal. Father's wise (10)       always remind me that there is more than one way to the square.
how study when show machine a what need use with living in 

  Mark Smith is a student at a vocational school — a school where people learn how to do many of the jobs that are needed in modern society.
  "After I finished secondary school, my results (1)      that I was better at doing things than at reading books. I had to decide how I wanted to make a (2)       in the future. I'm the sort of person who is good at making things (3)      my hands. So I chose to go to vocational school." Now, he learns how to repair machines.
  "Everyone needs a skill that is (4)       if they want a good life. And I like learning about (5)       things work," he says.
  Mark tells people that he is very happy about his choice. "Now I can study the things that I like best. Everyone wants to (6)      what they are good at, don't they?" He believes that he has a bright future ahead of him. "You can't have a society where everyone works in (7)      office. Workers who can make things and repair things will always be (8)      ."
  (9)       people ask Mark what he is most interested in, he smiles. "Planes. I don't know why I've always loved (10)      that fly, but I do. One day, I'm going to help repair the planes that carry people all over the world."
30.Bear details
International Polar Bear Day is Feb 27. Climate change harms polar bears because they depend on sea ice to hunt, produce babies and travel. Every ten years, the arctic (北极的) sea ice has declined (减少)at a rate of 13%. Over 2/3 of the world's polar bears are found in Canada.
Polar bears can walk more than 3, 000 km each month. An adult male can weigh over 600 kg. 
of the 19 subpopulations (亚群), 4 are in decline. How can we help polar bears? 
 Reduce your carbon footprint (碳足迹). It helps to reduce climate change's effect on polar bears. 
 Support action groups that protect them. 
 Learn more about the difficult situation of polar bears. 
 Support co-friendly tourism to polar regions (极地) too see them. 
31.  China now has more than 30, 000 kilometers of high speed track, and this is expected to increase to 38, 000 kilometers by 2025. Fully two thirds of the world's high speed rail (by length) is in China. Here, we track the exciting technological developments in high speed rail and consider their cultural influence.
  While the main advantage of the high speed rail lines is convenience for people to get from one city to another as quickly as possible, some of these high speed lines have become popular tourist attractions (places that many tourists visit). A good example of this is the Hefei-Fuzhou high speed line. Technically speaking, this was one of the most challenging high speed rail routes ever built;nearly 90% of the track was laid either on bridges or in tunnels (隧道). However, the amazing views are worth it, as the train goes through some of China's most beautiful mountainous areas, including the Huangshan and the Wuyi Mountain Ranges.
  As China has gained skills and knowledge in high speed rail, it is trying to export (出口) its technology to other countries. Its first project on the international market was the line connecting Istanbul with Turkey's capital, Ankara, 530 kilometers away. This was followed by projects among other countries. Perhaps is most challenging project is a Trans Asian network (横贯亚洲铁路网) connecting China with Europe. Although it is difficult, China will make every effort to take on this plan. It is hoped to be completed by 2030 as a part of China's Belt and Road Initiative (一带一路的倡议).
  Thanks to high speed rail, the travel time between main cities in China has already been reduced to only a few hours. So this convenience should improve the development within and out of China. No doubt, it will also bring the people of the country closer together, and in time bring about deep social changes.

32.  At the 2022 Winter Game Su Yiming became the first Chinese snowboarder to win a gold medal in the men's big air event. Behind the huge success is hard work.
  Back in 2018, the 14-year-old boy was faced with a difficult decision:To be as an actor or to go on snowboarding. With the 2022 Winter Olympics arriving, the teenager saw a chance. "Snowboarding was something I enjoyed the most, and this was a chance to take part in my own home country."
  Su first stepped on a snowboard around age 4, with the support of his parents. His first snowboard came from his father and it was a lot taller than Su back then. However, Su almost fell in love with the sport immediately. Talking about his parents, Su said. "No matter what decision I made, they've always supported me and believed in me."
  "I only have one word to describe my feelings for snowboarding, it's love, deep from my heart," Su said. "It's my happiest moment when I stand on the snowboard no matter how long I train, even for seven or eight hours at most at a time."
  After the competitions, Su Yiming wrote a letter to President Xi to express his resolve (决心) to continue working hard. Su said in his letter that he was born in a great country and raised in the best times. To his surprise, he got a reply. President Xi expressed his hope for young Chinese to keep the motherland at heart, aim high, and have their feet firmly on the ground. "This has encouraged me to work even harder in the future. I shall make an effort to fight for my own country and win glory (荣耀) for China's winter sports." said Su.
  Su Yiming hopes his story could excite more young people to hug winter sports and face challenges (面对挑战) in their lives.

根据短文内容, 回答下列问题.
33.  Memory is very important. It helps you remember who you are, where you live, what you have learnt and what you plan to do in the future.
  Some scientists believe that there are three types of memory — immediate, short-term and long-term.
  Immediate memory holds information for less than, a second, e. g. the name of a road you have just seen. Then it either forgets it or passes it into short-term memory. Short-term memory can hold about seven items of information at a time, e. g. telephone numbers. It holds them for about 30 seconds. Then it either forgets them or passes them into long-term memory.
  Long-term memory can hold information for the whole of our lives, e. g. the names of countries or the meanings of words.
  So, how can you improve your memory?
  It is important to exercise your brain. For example, you can do new things and change your daily habits. If you walk a different way to school or take a different bus, you will keep your brain active. You can try to memorize something new. You can try a Maths puzzle (益智游戏). You can also try to learn new skills or study a foreign language. Your brain gets lots of regular exercise if you do any of these things.
  If you live a healthy life, your memory will work better. You must have a balanced diet (均衡的饮食). You must give your brain enough time to rest. Unless you get enough sleep every night, you will not remember things well.
  If you want your brain to work well, you also need to relax. If you get too worried, your brain will slow down, and your memory will become less excellent.
  So, to improve your memory, you should exercise your brain, live a healthy life and stay relaxed.
Information about memory 
(1)       ●Immediate memory:It holds information for less than a second.
●Short-term memory:It holds about seven items of information at a time.
●Long-term memory:It holds information for the whole of our lives. 
How to improve your memory Exercise your brain ●Do new things.
●Change (2)      
(3)       ●Have a balanced diet.
●Have enough time to rest. If you (4)       every night, you will not remember things well. 
Stay relaxed (5)      , or your brain will slow down. 
34.人生最大的对手不是别人, 而是自己.挑战自己, 战胜自己, 方能走向成功的彼岸.
请以"How can we face the challenges in our lives?"为题, 根据以下提示用英语写一篇短文, 谈谈你生活中的一次挑战, 你是如何应对这个挑战的, 以及有什么收获和感悟.
1. 面对的挑战:学习方面;与父母, 朋友相处方面;运动、健康方面……
2. 应对的策略:向老师请教, 向同学求助, 真情沟通, 不怕吃苦, 反复练习……
3. 收获和感悟:勇敢面对, 永不放弃, 增强自信, 感到自豪……
1. 根据以上提示(不限于提示内容), 写出某一方面挑战及应对的策略和收获、感悟即可.
2. 紧扣主题, 语言连贯, 语法正确, 书写规范.
3. 文中不得出现真实的校名与人名, 词数在60﹣80 词左右.
参考词汇:fail, decide, improve, bravely, never give up, confident, pride
How can we face the challenges in our lives?
  There are many challenges in our lives. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________