【2022年湖南省长沙市湘一立信实验学校中考英语二模试卷】-第1页 试卷格式:2022年湖南省长沙市湘一立信实验学校中考英语二模试卷.PDF
Making animals with wire 
Animals are our good friends. We can buy a toy animal or keep one as a pet. But how about making one out of copper wires (铜线)? Let's have a look! 
What you need:
①Paper ②Copper ③Pencil ④Pliers (钳子) 
How to make an elephant:
(1)Start with paper and pencil. Draw an elephant. Make the drawing as simple as possible.
(2)Put the copper wire on the drawing. Start with one leg of the elephant. Bend (使弯曲) the wire following the pencil lines. You can also make other animals in this way. Wouldn't it be cool to have one on your desk?
(3)To make the elephant perfect, you may need to adjust (调整) it many times.
Nearly 14, 000 children in PA State have lost their homes. Perhaps your family is able to provide housing and support for a child or a group who have no homes of their own, and need love and care. Up to now, more than 8, 000 families have joined us. With your support, we can make a big difference in the life of a child and have a great effect on their future.
★Call 492-9345 to learn about training, expense (费用) and other requirements that are needed to care for a homeless child in your family.
★Attend a General Meeting at the Mount Joy Office, Thursday, February 4th or 18th 6:00 p. m. — 8:00 p. m. Call 492-9338 for either of the General Meetings.
★Volunteers are welcome.
Call 492-9396 to become a member of F. U. N. 
Families United Network (F. U. N. )
3908 Corey Road, Harrisburg, PA 17100 
3.  Li Meixi, 12, feels worried about her looks —not her face, but her clothes. When she sees fashionable people on the street, she avoids running into them. "I am afraid that they think I am out of style. Ashamed of my common ordinary clothes, I feel like I don't even deserve (值得) to walk on the same street with them," said Li, from Chengdu, Sichuan.
  What Li is experiencing is fashion worries. It bother many people today. They are worried about their clothes, afraid of being seen out of style. They are worried about clothes, afraid of being seen out of study.
  A big reason for fashion worries is fashion bullying (霸凌), experts said. As fashion magazines, advertisement and idols (偶像) show off the "latest and greatest" trends (潮流), there's a lot of pressure on people, especially teenagers, to follow them, no matter how expensive it might be. "The need to belong in groups is very important to young learners and exclusion (偶像) is something they see as the end of the world," said Andy Cranham, a teacher at City of Bristol College, UK.
  "Another reason some people might have fashion worries is that they don't have a sense of self-identity (自我认同)," said The Paper. It looks like we feel worried about our clothes, but actually we are not confident enough. So we care about how fashionable people look at us. We easily doubt or even blame ourselves. The reality is that those people usually don't notice us at all.
  Fashion trends come and go, always changing. Instead of rushing to follow a trend, the key is to find your own style. If you're able to wear something with confidence, you will be the one starting a trend. More importantly, the clothes are just a part of your image. It can't tell the true you. What also matters is your personality and abilities.
4.  New Zealand is a beautiful island country in the Pacific Ocean. There, snowy mountains rise high above the sea and grassy hills go across the land for miles. However, if you spend some time walking around the land, you'll smell something different. Almost 30 million sheep and 10 million cows travel around those green hills and each one of them is farting (放屁).
  That may sound like a joke. But scientists aren't laughing. There are more cows and sheep than people in New Zealand:eight to one. And these animals fart more than 4 million tons of gas every year.
  That gas adds to one of the most dangerous problems we face today:global warming (全球变暖). The gas that farm animals produce is called methane (甲烷), a greenhouse gas which can lead to climate (气候) change. But sheep and cows are not the main reason. Most greenhouse gases are produced by factories and cars.
  But in New Zealand, farm animals produce almost half the country's greenhouse gases. That's why scientists in New Zealand are working hard to solve the problem. They've found medicine that can reduce gas in sheep and cows. But most farm animals in New Zealand walk free. It's hard to round them up to give them medicine.
  There's also a third plan. Some scientists have put sheep in special sealed cages (密封笼子). They measure (测量) the gas that a sheep produces. It helps scientists find that some sheep naturally make less gas than others. When they give birth to those sheep together, their baby sheep farts less than their cousins.
  It's only a small improvement. But those baby sheep just might make the planet a better place to live.
5.根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项.
  Success in life often comes from your constant effort, and only self-discipline (自律) allows you to do that. (1)      
  It's up to you.
  No matter what your goals are, there is one great law that you need to obey in order to be successful:No one else is going to climb the ladder (阶段) of success for you. From the day you start to make your own choices. You are responsible for your life. Only you can choose how you spend your time, and the decisions you reach make or break your life. (2)      
  Think life through in the long term.
  Abraham Lincoln said, "The best way to predict (预测) your future is to create it. "If you wonder where you will be 10 years from now, look at your life."
  (3)      How many new things are you learning? Are you putting in the effort necessary to achieve your goals today? People often think that their lives will suddenly change through some magical events in the future, but that is not the case. Your life will only change if you change it.
  In life, nothing worth having comes easy. You have to work hard to achieve your goals if you want to make it. It is certainly true that there will many discouragements, and any time you get close to finally succeeding, there will be some more adversity (逆境) testing. How badly you really want it.
  So whenever you face a challenge, keep going!No matter how long it takes or how hard it gets, always remember the words, "It's not over until I win!"
  If you could build unbreakable self-discipline, you will succeed in anything you set your mind to. Maybe not immediately, but surely.
A. What actions are you taking?
B. Only after passing one more test will you be able to succeed.
C. Here are 3 powerful ways to build it.
D. So take responsibility for everything in your life.
E. Discouragements are part of success. 
6.阅读下面的短文, 根据短文内容回答问题.
  With most people staying at home due to COVID-19, livestreaming (直播) has become more and more popular. It is not only enjoyable, but has also provided a new stage for traditional culture artists.
  On video sites (网站) and apps such as Douyin and Bilibili, many traditional artists are trying livestreaming for the first time. Some of them sing Peking Opera, some show their artworks, while others perform calligraphy (书法) or classical Chinese music.
  Li Jun is a laosheng (old male rold) Peking opera performer from the Shanghai Jingju Theater Company. During the outbreak, the 59﹣year﹣old started livestreaming for the first time. Unlike performing on a theater stage, Li uses everyday places as his stage, including his backyard, study room, and even a treadmill (跑步机). Besides singing, Li also teaches viewers about Peking Opera in a humorous way.
  "Livestreaming has brought this elegant (高雅的) art down to earth," one viewer said.
  "It allows young people to have easier chances to this traditional art and learn more about it." Up to now Li has more than 6,000 fans on Douyin, while one of his videos has received 42, 000 views on Bilibili.
  Other kinds of artists also see livestreaming as a new opportunity. On March 26th the third China Huafu Day, Bilibili livestreamed a fashion show. Performers presented beautiful clothes in traditional Chinese styles, including those from the Wei, Tang and Ming dynasties. During the show viewers not only enjoyed seeing the clothes but also watched how performers used ancient styles of make﹣up. For example, one blogger taught people how to draw the guiye eyebrow (桂叶眉), which was a typical make-up style during the Tang Dynasty.
  As Guangming Dally noted, livestreaming has created a new way through which traditional culture can be kept alive.
7.阅读下面的短文, 从短文后各题所给的A、B、C三个选项中, 选出可以填入空白的最佳答案.
  During the Song Dynasty, there was a(an) (1)      named Zhang Guaiya. He worked in Chongyang country, in today's Hubei. At that time, theft (盗窃) happened everywhere —(2)      in the county's vault (钱库).
  One day, Zhang saw a low﹣ranking (低阶的) official come out of the vault (3)      . Zhang stopped him and asked, ""Why are you in a rush?"
  "No reason," said the official.
  Zhang thought the official might steal the money. So he asked people to (4)      the official. They found a copper coin (铜钱) in the official's headband.
  Zhang asked him how much more money he (5)      . The official said he didn't steal (6)      else. Zhang ordered the guards to beat him.
  The official didn't give (7)      . He said, "I only stole a coin. You can't kill me just (8)      that!" Zhang was very angry. He wrote in a red pen, "If you steal a coin every day, there will be thousand coins after a thousand days. Constant dripping wears away a stone (水滴石穿)."
  "Constant dripping wears away a stone. "The saying telling us that small things over time can make a big (9)      . On the one hand, it tells us not to do small bad things. On the other hand, it tells us to persevere (坚持不懈). The same reason lies in learning a language. We must keep on learning new words. Reading and writing. (10)      we stick to it for months or years, we will make great progress.
8.阅读下面短文, 在空白处填入一个适当的单词或括号内单词的适当形式.
  Studying is important to students. But it is always difficult (1)       (find) enough time to study every subject you need. So a good plan helps you to make sure of your (2)       (succeed) in study.
  Then, how can we make a study plan?Well, begin with listing all the subjects you need to study and make sure (3)       you need to do for each subject. Next, decide how much time you should spend (4)      different subjects. Now, it is a good idea to study at the same time every day. In this way, you actually have a plan you can remember (5)       (easy). While arranging (安排) time for each subject, you also need to make sure that you still have time for family, friends and rest. This is because you won't be able to succeed in your studies unless you balance your personal life and your study.
  Once the plan (6)       (make), the next thing you need to do is to follow it. One of the (7)      (big) challenges in following your study plan is that you will be tempted (诱惑) to avoid it and do something relaxing or fun instead. Luckily, you can fight this temptation by taking breaks. But the sure not to take extra breaks or too long breaks because it can affect your plan. So at the start of your break, set (8)       alarm clock to remind you when your break is over. Also, you need to use your break wisely. For example, go for a short walk, eat a small snack, or listen to some music.
  To avoid (9)       (forget) to follow your plan, try to get into the habit of looking at your calendar every day. Sometimes our plans are hard to follow (10)       some important people in our lives distract (使分心) us from our goals. In order to avoid this, tell people around you about your plan. Put up a copy of your study guide at home so you and your family can see it, and email a copy to your friends so they know when you have spare time.
9.阅读下面的短文, 将划线部分译成英文或中文.
  Recently, the new curricula (课程) standard for labor education came out.
  The standard has made labor (劳动) education an independent course and (1)students will take classes on labor skills at least once a week starting from this September. The new standard requires primary students in fifth and sixth grades to master the skills of cooking two to three common dishes, such as scrambled eggs with tomato and fried eggs. Besides, they should do chores, including cleaning, folding clothes, and cooking. Every school should design the household labor lists (2)以便学生将会有好的劳动习惯. Parents and schools will learn how to develop the labor spirits and craftsmanship (工匠精神) of the kids.
  Sun Jiarui, a 10-year-old girl from Outang Central Primary School in Wuxi, Jiangsu province, recently became popular online for her cooking skills. (3)The girl has been learning to cook from her father since she was eight. She can cook more than 50 dishes now. Her father is an excellent cook in their own restaurant. She usually saw him cook food over a fire when she was young. (4)She hopes that her parents can have the moat delicious food cooked by their sweet girl. It is not easy for the little girl to cook food. But she tried it again and again. Finally, she made it perfectly. "(5)我们总是以她为傲." said her parents .
  In the coming term in September, the Outang Central Primary School will also get Sun and her father to promote (促进) the cooking arts at its new Gourmet Studio. Students there can learn to cook simple dishes .
10."研学旅行"是以组织中小学生集体旅行的方式走出校园, 以各种不同的形式亲近社会与自然而开展的研究性学习与旅行体验相结合的教育活动.每个学期学校都会组织类似活动, 大部分学生会参加, 他们认为通过研学活动可以增加不一样的体验, 也有小部分学生不参加, 他们认为学习时间过于紧张, 不如在学校自习.对此, 你的看法是什么?请根据以下要点提示为校刊写一篇英语短文.
①短文内容应包含提示的要点, 可适当增加情节, 以使行文连贯;
参考词汇:研学旅行 study trip 乘骑设施 ride
The Study Trip
  The study trip is a kind of school education which is held outside and popular with students. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
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